Housing Security Policies
Housing is one of the most basic requirements for health. When people spend excessive amounts of income on housing, fewer resources are available for other health essentials.
Studies suggest affordable housing improves health outcomes by freeing up resources for nutritious food and other essentials, reducing stress and providing the stability for patients with chronic diseases to access and maintain the level of care they need.[i]
From a public health perspective, the most acute manifestation of the housing issue relates to homelessness. Homeless people have a range of chronic health problems due to their extreme poverty. They are less likely to receive adequate medical care and more likely to draw upon emergency medical services.[ii]
Recent efforts such as the Housing Matters BC and the expansion of the Rental Assistance Program and Homeless Outreach Program are to be commended and yet the need remains high.
BCHLA recommends the following policy options:
- The provincial government should work together and coordinate the efforts and investments of non-profit organizations, the private sector and other levels of government to ensure a full spectrum of housing for those in need, including affordable housing, supportive housing, social housing, emergency and transition housing.
- Create a youth homelessness prevention strategy to eliminate youth homelessness including the creation of affordable, supportive housing options for at-risk and homeless youth.
- Develop a long-term, consolidated, comprehensive, interagency supported Housing System for hard to house individuals; including those living with mental health problems and/or addictions.
- Ensure that emergency, transition and affordable housing meet the needs of specific populations including women and children fleeing violence, families, seniors, youth and those with mental health problems and addictions.
- Consider purchasing abandoned or neglected multi-family and apartment buildings to renovate and transfer the title from the provincial government to non-profit housing authorities.
- Develop a national housing strategy and allocate additional and sustained federal spending for affordable housing.
- The Government of Canada, and Province of BC should provide resources to implement the Memorandum of Understanding signed with the First Nations Leadership Council to work together to develop a comprehensive approach to improve housing for First Nations communities, individuals and families both on and off reserve.
- Provide adequate follow-up support and housing for those leaving institutional care.
[i] Lubell, Jeffrey, Rosalyn Crain, and Rebecca Cohen. 2007. The Positive Impacts of Affordable Housing on Health. Washington, D.C.: Center for Housing Policy and Enterprise Community Partners.
[ii] Caputo, T., et al. The Street Lifestyle.Health Canada,1999.